Haze and Heat Guidelines

Haze Guidelines

The air in Penang is generally clean and clear. Periodically the Air Quality Index (AQI) does creep up into unhealthy levels, usually in September and October. When that happens Dalat consults the Malaysian Ministry of Education (MOE) guidelines and input from other local schools and agencies including the Department of Environment, local media, etc. An important indicator will be the Air Quality Index (AQI) and action will be taken according to the AQI levels with the following guidelines:

Dalat School has purchased and uses its own AQI reader which is located on campus. The school will consult other readers in Penang, but will default to our own reader for policies, procedures, and decisions. The default feed is set to show results for a 10 minute average, but in some situations the school will use other averages to make an informed decision.  The reader can be accessed on the Purple Air web page.

Dalat has put into place the following policies:

If Dalat decides to have classes, and parents feel that the conditions are just not suitable for their child, they may choose to keep their child home that day. We understand that parents have different comfort levels with the haze and want to respect all parents in doing what they feel is best for their child.

When we do close school, Dalat has put into place the following procedures:

Here are some links about AQI and API readings in Malaysia:

Heat Guidelines

Heat Illness Prevention

The heat illness policy is intended to provide general guidelines for preventing, assessing and dealing with heat-related illness in athletes.

Heat Index

Heat index is a statistic that combines temperature and humidity. It is intended to show what conditions “feel like” for the body. With the high humidity levels in Malaysia, the heat index is a more comprehensive number for addressing heat illness.


  • Coaches should follow procedure for preventing, identifying and dealing with heat illness in athletes.
  • Check the heat index level on Dalat’s Intranet page before practice or games.
  • Based on heat conditions, take into consideration two factors 1) danger levels 2) significance of practice/game
  • Significance of practice/game: Major sporting events like soccer tournaments cannot be cancelled due to heat under normal circumstances. Coaches and the tournament director should be aware of heat conditions and make changes to the format to account for it like shorter halves, periodic water breaks, fewer games, etc. Minor sporting events like a practice or friendly matches can be delayed, postponed or cancelled if conditions warrant it.
  • Coaches are responsible for monitoring heat index levels and responding according to procedure. The Athletic Director has the ability to make an overriding decision for each sports team.
  • Coaches must remember all athletes respond differently to heat. Weight, fitness level, acclimatization and general fitness are factors to consider.
  • Practicing or playing in direct sunlight will receive the maximum level of heat index levels. Tennis courts and cement can increase temperatures by 10-15 degrees.

32-40 Degrees

Heat exhaustion, heat cramps & sunstroke possible with prolonged exposure and/or physical activity. Provide unlimited fluids and monitor athletes for signs & symptoms of heat illness.

40-51 Degrees

Heat exhaustion, heat cramps & sunstroke likely, and heatstroke possible. Provide unlimited fluids & take more breaks, consider altering practice so it is less strenuous, doing indoor work or practice in the shade.

51 Degrees & above

Sunstroke & heatstroke highly likely, practice in the shade, indoors and heavily reduce strenuous activity. Be on high alert for signs of heat illness and address them immediately.

Symptoms and Treatment